Webb telescope turns two on Dec 25. What has the most powerful observatory taught us?- Republic World



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The James Webb Space Telescope, located at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, is a remarkable feat of engineering and scientific collaboration. Developed over a span of 17 years by more than 1200 scientists from 14 countries, this powerful observatory was launched into space aboard an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana two years ago, marking a significant milestone in space exploration.

Since its launch, the James Webb Space Telescope has revolutionized our understanding of the cosmos. Its advanced infrared capabilities enable astronomers to peer further back in time than ever before, uncovering hidden mysteries of the universe.

Ariane 5 launching from French Guiana
Ariane 5 launching from French Guiana. Image: NASA

One of Webb’s most iconic achievements is the release of the “Deep Field” image, which showcases the universe in unprecedented detail. This mesmerizing image, captured in infrared wavelengths, reveals hidden cosmic structures and provides valuable insights into the formation and evolution of galaxies.

Positioned at the second Lagrange point (L2) approximately 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, the telescope’s unique vantage point allows it to observe small patches of the sky with unparalleled clarity. Its ability to penetrate thick gas and dust clouds has unveiled previously obscured images, providing astronomers with a new perspective on the cosmos.

The SMACS 0723 galaxy cluster
The SMACS 0723 galaxy cluster. Image: NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI

One of the most astounding discoveries made by the Webb telescope is the observation of light that traveled 13.1 billion years to reach us, providing a glimpse into the early stages of the universe’s existence. This breakthrough confirms the telescope’s capability to capture images from the birth of the universe, estimated to be around 14 billion years ago.

Webb’s remarkable infrared vision has also shed light on our own solar system. Surprising images of Jupiter and Uranus have revealed the glimmering auroras, intricate ring systems, and even a high-speed jet stream on Jupiter’s surface. These observations contribute to our understanding of planetary dynamics and offer captivating insights into the celestial bodies that surround us.

Uranus and its rings spotted by Webb telescope
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