Title: Reflective Contemplation: An Outlook on (r)-stargazing | The Perspective of Franklin Templeton

Summary: Franklin Templeton, the globally renowned investment management organization, provides a detailed discussion on the intriguing concept of (r)-stargazing in their recent publication. This innovative theory is based on the idea of revisiting past investment strategies and patterns to forecast future prospects. The notion of (r)-stargazing is not to be confused with traditional stargazing, which is a purely astronomical term. Instead, it signifies the act of investigating historical returns to predict future investment trends.

The publication begins with a brief on the Russell 2000 Index, a small-cap stock market index of the bottom 2,000 stocks in the Russell 3000 Index. It emphasizes the potential of these small-cap stocks to perform remarkably well when the economy is in a recovery phase. The past trends demonstrate that smaller companies tend to grow at a faster pace during economic upturns, making them a valuable addition to the investment portfolio.

The piece highlights how the Russell 2000 Index has shown impressive resilience and growth, despite the economic downfall caused by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This resilience is largely due to the fiscal and monetary stimulus measures that governments worldwide have implemented.

However, the article cautions against over-optimism, alerting investors to the risks associated with (r)-stargazing. While historical patterns can provide insightful data, they do not guarantee future results. Market conditions, economic factors, and unforeseen circumstances can significantly impact the performance of investments.

The discussion then moves on to the topic of active management. The article advocates for a well-balanced approach, combining both active and passive investment strategies. It underscores the importance of portfolio diversification to mitigate risks and optimize returns.

Additionally, the piece presents a detailed analysis of various factors that can influence the performance of small-cap stocks. These include the role of interest rates, inflation, and credit spreads in determining the success of these investments. It also points out the need for considering the quality of these smaller companies before investing.

The commentary concludes with an affirmative stance on the potential of the Russell 2000 Index and small-cap stocks in general. It asserts that while the journey may be volatile, the rewards can be significant for those who are patient and persistent. The key is to stay informed, make rational decisions, and maintain a diversified portfolio.

In summation, Franklin Templeton’s take on (r)-stargazing provides a balanced perspective on the subject. It recognizes the value of studying past trends but encourages investors to consider a multitude of factors before making investment decisions. The piece serves as a comprehensive guide for those looking to navigate the complex world of investment, providing valuable insights and prudent advice.


R-star, or r*, is a key metric used by the US Federal Reserve (Fed) to guide monetary policy. It represents the real policy rate that would neither contract nor expand the economy when it is operating at full employment and inflation is at the Fed’s 2% target. This rate has been considered to be in secular decline over recent decades, but there are contrasting views on its current and future levels.

Former New York Fed President William Dudley and Fed Governor Christopher Waller have recently offered differing perspectives on r*. Dudley believes the neutral rate is a lot higher than the Fed and markets think, arguing that r* must be closely linked to economic fundamentals such as productivity. He points out that despite the Fed raising the fed funds rate, growth remains robust, indicating that r* must have risen.

Waller, on the other hand, uses the inflation-adjusted 10-year US Treasury yield as a proxy for r*, noting a downward trend since the early 1980s. He attributes this to several factors including the globalization of capital markets, demand from sovereign wealth funds, population aging, financial regulation, and the Fed’s purchases of US Treasuries. He believes these factors will continue to keep r* low.

However, a different perspective suggests that r* may not have been in secular decline at all. The real return on capital, another measure of the neutral rate, shows no declining trend. Instead, it is suggested that the perceived decline in r* could be attributed to the impact of repeated rounds of monetary policy easing. This has historically led to an increase in demand for US Treasuries and a decrease in their real yield.

The neutral rate, r*, is now believed to be likely around 2%-2.5%, in line with its long-term average from the 1950s to the global financial crisis. This implies that current Fed policy is not overly restrictive and disinflation progress will remain gradual.

Looking ahead, if r* is indeed around 2%-2.5%, once inflation is at the Fed’s target, the fed funds rate should be at 4%-4.5%. Considering the term and risk premium and the impact of a persistent fiscal deficit, it is expected that in the medium and long term, US Treasury yields will drift back up, with levels greater than 5% appearing plausible.

It’s important to remember that all investments involve risks, including the possible loss of principal. Changes in interest rates, credit, inflation, and reinvestment risks can all impact the value of fixed income securities. As such, investors should consult with financial professionals before making any decisions.



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